If you are studying engineering, it is likely that you will need to know how to use IEEE referencing. We want to help by pointing out the top 5 errors people make when using IEEE referencing, to help you avoid those same problems.
- In IEEE, citations appear inside punctuation. There should be a space before the citation.
‘this is correct .’ ‘This is not correct. ’ ‘This is also incorrect.’
- Grammatically, in-text citation numbers should be used as if they are nouns rather than footnote numbers.
As is proposed in ,  and , …
In [63, Fig. 1], it can be seen …
- In your references, there should be space between author initials.
T. M. Amabile, K. G. Hill, B. A. Hennessey, and E. M. Tighe, “The work preference inventory: Assessing intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientations,” J. Pers. Soc. Psychol., vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 950–967, May 1994.
This is incorrect: T.M. Amabile, K.G. Hill, …
- If there are more than six authors listed, only the first author’s name should be given followed by ‘et al.’ BUT if there are fewer than six authors, all authors’ names should be given.
C. J. O’Donnell et al., “Genome-wide association study for subclinical atherosclerosis in major arterial territories in the NHLBI’s Framingham Heart Study,” BMC Med. Genet., vol. 8, suppl. 1, p. S4, Sep. 2007.
R. Nguyen, C. Chen, T. Willis, A. S. Scott, C. Djangu, and B. T. W. Scott. Abstract Informatics. n.d. [Online]. Available: http://www.3258/abstract-informatics/nguyen/chen/willis.html. Accessed on: Nov. 26, 2012.
- The names of university schools, conferences and the like are abbreviated following the IEEE Editorial Style Manual (https://www.ieee.org/documents/style_manual.pdf).
M. Abouhaseira, “Education, political development, and stability in Saudi Arabia,” Ph.D. dissertation, Graduate School Edu., Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 1998.
A. Akinyemi, “Web-based learning and cultural interference: Perspectives of Arab students,” in Proc. E-Learn: World Conf. E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, Miami, FL, USA, 2003, pp. 1858–1862.
If you have found this article helpful, you might like to view our full IEEE quick reference and citation guide.