Parentheses within Parentheses ( )

What do you do when you need to insert a set of parentheses within another set of parentheses? This is an issue that commonly arises in academic writing, particularly when inserting additional information about an in-text reference. For example, you have a parenthetical element, such as an in-text reference (e.g., Elite Editing, 2014). Now, you want to add an additional parenthetical element, such as an abbreviation (EE), into the parentheses. Keeping them as they are (identically curved), can lead to confusion about where the elements start and stop. This is called ‘nested parentheses’. One solution is to turn the interior parentheses into square brackets [ ], to distinguish them from the original curved parentheses ( ). For example: (e.g., Elite …

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5 things to know about IEEE referencing

  If you are studying engineering, it is likely that you will need to know how to use IEEE referencing. We want to help by pointing out the top 5 errors people make when using IEEE referencing, to help you avoid those same problems. In IEEE, citations appear inside punctuation. There should be a space before the citation. ‘this is correct [3].’ ‘This is not correct. [5]’ ‘This is also incorrect[5].’ Grammatically, in-text citation numbers should be used as if they are nouns rather than footnote numbers. As is proposed in [6], [32] and [18], … In [63, Fig. 1], it can be seen … In your references, there should be space between author initials. T. M. Amabile, K. G. …

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When to Reference

Referencing is a very important part of academic writing. Perfect referencing is required for a piece of writing to be considered at a professional level. When writing an essay, a thesis, a journal article or any academic manuscript, it is common practice to use other writer’s works as your source material or readings. Usually, you need to reference these sources but, confusingly, there are some exceptions. In order to avoid unintentional plagiarism, you should develop the important skill of knowing when to reference. What a reference does: • It provides access to your source material for readers. Readers will be able to follow your directions to a source if they are interested in getting more information about it or reading it …

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How to use quotations effectively

So you have finished researching for your essay, and you have all of these amazing quotations. Now it is important to know when and how to use quotations to enhance the effectiveness of your writing. When should you use quotations? • Like supporting examples, quotations should be used to strengthen arguments. • They should be used primarily when the specific language of the quotation is important (such as when you need to be exact about the writer’s position). When shouldn’t you use quotations? • Quotations should be used sparingly in most types of academic writing. • They should never be inserted into your text because you think the idea is better worded by the quoted author than you yourself could word it. • They should …

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